September 24, 2023

Y M L P-218

Financial Matter Oriented

Explaining 6 types of retirement plans

Explaining 6 Key Types of Retirement Plans

Retirement planning is an vital component of everyone’s life. Given the rising inflation rate and the limited social security programs available to older adults, you must begin planning for your retirement as soon as possible.

Most of us do not consider retirement preparation a financial priority when we are younger. However, as you get closer to your retirement, you may rush to save enough money. It is in your best interest to immediately start putting up an effective financial strategy by determining which form of a pension plan is suitable for you.

What is Retirement Plan?

A pension plan is a form of investment plan that allows you to save a portion of your income over time to protect your financial future. A pension plan could help you deal with post-retirement risks by ensuring a stable stream of income. A pension plan is essential even if a person has substantial savings.

An early retirement plan can help you build a long-term financial buffer to retire with a secure financial plan. The insured must contribute a set sum of money on a routine basis until the end of the tenure in a retirement plan.

At regular periods, the collected money is returned to the insured in a pension or annuity. Pension plans not only safeguard an individual’s financial security after retirement but also assist them in dealing with life’s unexpected events.

Savings run out quickly and are frequently utilized in crises, so it’s critical to pick the best pension plan to ensure enough cash flow to satisfy your basic daily needs after you retire. When you invest in a pension plan regularly, the amount you contribute grows owing to the force of compounding, which makes a significant difference in your eventual savings corpus. You can plan for retirement in stages by selecting the right retirement plan. As a result, it is advisable to choose the greatest pension plan that will serve as a lifeline in your elderly years.

6 Types of Retirement Plans

Deferred Annuity Plan

It’s the most fundamental form of a retirement strategy. When individuals talk about pension plans, they usually refer to deferred annuity plans. It helps policyholders save money by paying regular premiums over a set period. The policy begins administering the pension benefits once the premium payment period has ended.

The amount invested in the deferred annuity plan, i.e., the premium, is free from tax calculations, one of the most significant advantages. As a result, it provides investors with a double benefit: retirement planning and tax deductions.

Some insurers even let you buy a deferred annuity plan all at once rather than paying various premiums throughout the plan’s life. If you like, you can go with this option to invest a lump sum amount.

Immediate Annuity Plan 

An immediate annuity plan begins paying a pension as soon as the premium is paid. There is no stage of accumulation. It’s handy for retirees who get a lump sum payment. They can put the lump money into this plan to get regular pensions when they retire.

NPS (National Pension Plans) 

It’s a scheme backed by the government. It assists people in making plans for their post-retirement years. Formerly, the NPS was exclusively available to federal government employees. It is now, however, open to everyone. Contributions to the NPS are split between equity and debt investments.

Investors can take up to 60% of their funds in one shot at the end of the accumulation stage. The remainder of the funds is utilized to purchase an annuity. The maturity sum is not eligible for tax exemption except for deferred and immediate annuity plans.

Annuity Certain Plans

The pension is paid out for a set period of time. For example, the policyholder can pick between 60 and 75 years of retirement. In addition, if the policyholder dies while the pension is being paid out, the nominee might claim the retirement after the policyholder’s death.

Pension Funds

The PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority) of India regulates these funds. Six fund houses in India are now licenced to sell pension funds.

Life Annuity

Pensions are paid until the policyholder’s death in this case. After the policyholder’s death, some life annuity plans offer a “with spouse” option, in which the annuities are paid to the surviving spouse.


You must first assess your goals and needs before deciding on a plan. You can choose the best retirement investments if you have a few years till retirement and wish to establish a corpus. You could choose a retirement annuity plan if you are nearing retirement and have some assets to invest.

Also, you get a lump sum amount as your retirement fund if you invest in a retirement savings plan. To earn a permanent regular income, you can invest the entire lump sum money or a portion of it in an annuity plan.

When you purchase a retirement annuity plan, you will begin receiving regular payments every month, quarter, six months, or year, either immediately or later, depending on your preferences.